Dr. T. Shantibala,Scientist-C
Insects are employed in diverse aspects like edible, therapeutic, industrial purposes, biological control and many other activities. Recognition of manifold utilities of insect bioresources through biotechnological intervention for their sustainable utilization and to link this bioresources with economy is the need of the hour. Edible insects act as a promising novel source of protein (22-70%) and minerals. Insect for medicinal purposes are important in modern system to identify the proactive bio-molecules and validate with pharmacological action. Medicinal insects have been proven as sources of drugs for modern medicine since they have immunological, analgesic, antibacterial, diuretic, anesthetic and antirheumatic properties. Bio-molecules or pharmacological compounds obtained from the insects could be synthesized on large scale for the welfare of human being. Bioactive compound identified from insects are also used in the treatment of cancer. Characterizations of potential edible and medicinal insects as well as wild silk worm strains are undergoing through proteomic and genomic approaches and interested to work on related matters.
Title: Exploration of insect Bioresources of North-east India for therapeutic, nutritional and industrial values.
Traditional knowledge concerning insect bioresources utilization has a vital role in the state of Manipur. Indigenous people employed insects in diverse aspects like edible, therapeutic, industrial purposes and many other activities. The need of the hour is to recognize the manifold utilities of insect bioresources through biotechnological intervention for their sustainable utilization to link the potentiality of this bioresources to economic prosperity. These traditional edible insects can act as a promising novel source of protein since they are nutritious in terms of protein (22-70 %) and minerals. The use of medico-entomological drugs could be extended further in modern medicine system by identifying the proactive biomolecules with pharmacological action. Characterization of unexplored wild silk worm species will give additional silk producing species of Manipur with better understanding of its ecology and biotechnological approaches for sustainable uses. Currently, the research activity is mainly focusing on genetic characterization of endemic wild silkworm species and scientific validation of entomotherapy for utilization of virgin insect resources and their industrialization aspects.
Exploration of wild silk moth biodiversity in Manipur and their genetic characterization using molecular markers.
Manipur, an inevitable part of Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspots is believed to be centre of radiation of wild silk moths. Exploration and molecular characterization studies on wild silk moths of Manipur are scare and have been focused mainly on silk production of commercial species only. Little is known regarding the distribution, taxonomy and genomic characterization of wild silk moth species. The present work is concerning mainly on the evaluation and analysis of genomic characterization of the endemic wild silk moth species of Manipur for finding novel genes.
Development of composite sericulture in Imphal Districts: Sustaining SC & ST women livelihood:
In Manipur, women form 50% composite sericulture in Imphal districts of rural population contributing 60% in work force and 50% in food production. To improve the livelihood opportunities for women, composite sericulture project is taken up for selected areas in view of capacity building and women empowerment forming the community based level organizations. Alternative income earning avenues would add in improving socio-economic status of backward women particularly ST&SC women.
Exploration of insect Bioresources of North-east India for therapeutic, nutritional and industrial values, (DBT New-Delhi)
Development of composite sericulture in Imphal districts: Sustainaining ST & SC women livelihood, (DST New-Delhi)
Chemical Ecology of the North east Region (NER) of India: A collaborative programme Linking NER and Bangalore, (DBT New- Delhi)
Exploration of wild silk moth biodiversity in Manipur and their genetic characterization using molecular markers.
Bio-ecology and management of insect pest complex of pea (Pisum sativum linn.) in agro ecosystem of Manipur funded by DST New- Delhi.
Genetic characterization of selected freshwater fish species endemic to Indian region of the Indo-Burma biodiversity hot-spot using advance cytogenetic markers funded by DBT- New- Delhi.
Ph.D., 2002 (Manipur University)
M.Sc. Entomology, 1998 (Hemwati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University)
2008 – till date: Scientist, IBSD
2004 – 2007: Women scientist, Manipur University
2000 – 2004: Project Fellow, Manipur University
1999 : Project Assistant, Manipur University
Awards & Fellowships
2004-2007: Women Scientist –A
2009: Best paper presentation award in International Congress of Global Warming on Biodiversity and Conservation, held at Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
2013: : National Associateship under DBT at Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
International Society of Zoological Science
The Biotech Research Society, India( BRSI)
Bio-control Advancement, Bangalore
The Entomological Society of India
Training on Mass Production Technology of Biological Control Agent, 4-12 April 2001, JARJ and New Delhi-12.
Training course on Crop & vegetable pests & integrated pest management; March 2023, 2002; The Zoological Society, Kolkata.
Hands on training on “Biomarkers of Genotoxicity and oxidative stress in Fishes, February 18 to 27, 2010 at, NBFGR, Lucknow
Training workshop on Basic Statistic and its Application held at Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Imphal Manipur, 16-21, August, 2010.
Hands–on training on use of Flow – Cytometer, PCR and Real-Time PCR in Cancer detection, 5th – 9th February, 2012 at Department of Biotechnology, Assam University, Silchar.
Miranda Devi K, Shantibala T, Debaraj H. (2016). The first complete mitochondrial genome of a Belostomatidae species, Lethocerus indicus, the giant water bug: An important edible insect. Gene, doi:10.1016/j.gene. 2016.07.004.
Rajashekar Y, Tonsing N, Shantibala T, Manjunath J. R. (2016). 2, 3-Dimethylmaleic anhydride (3, 4-Dimethyl-2, 5-furandione): A plant derived insecticidal molecule from Colocasia esculenta var. esculenta (L.) Scientific Reports, doi: 10.1038/srep20546.
Luikham R, Shantibala T., James T. K. and Bidyapati Devi L. (2016). Characterization and evaluation of wild sericigenous insects of Manipur: Exploration for conservation. Sericologia, 56(1)
Debaraj, H., Shantibala,T., Lokeshwari R.K. and Giri, S: (2014) Characterization of Trypsin-Like Serine Protease from Lethocerus indicus Salivary Venom and its Cytotoxic Effect against Human Epidermoid Carcinoma Cell, A431. British Biotechnology Journal, 4(9): 990-1010.
Shantibala, T., Victor, Th., Luikham, R., and Lokeshwari, R. K. (2014). Complete mitochondrial genome of the wild eri silkworm, Samia canningi (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). Mitochondrial DNA, Early Online: 1–2, Informa healthcare DOI: 10.3109/19401736.2014.919469.
Lokeshwari, R. K., Shantibala,T. and Debaraj,H (2014). Cytogenetic analysis of three edible Cybister species (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) from Manipur, India. International Journal of Research in Biomedicine and Biotechnology, 4(1): 1-5.
Shantibala, T., Lokeshwari, R. K., and Debaraj, H. (2013). Nutritional and antinutritional composition of five species of aquatic edible insects consumed in Manipur, India. Journal of Insect Science 14: 1-6, http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jis/14.1.14.
Shantibala, T., Lokeshwari, R. K., Gusheinzed, W and Agarwala, B.K. (2013). Documentation of ethno-entomophagy practices in ethnic communities of Manipur, north-east India. Ancestral Knowledge in Agri-Allied Science of India, 299.
Shantibala, T., Lokeshwari, R.K. (2012). Entomophagy practices among the ethnic communities of Manipur, North-East India. International Journal of Integrative sciences, Innovation and Technology.1 (5): 13-20.
Shantibala, T., Lokeshwari, R.K., Thongam,G.,Somkumar, B.G.(2012). Meiman: Database exploring Medicinal and Edible insects of Manipur. Bioinformation. 8(10): 489–491. http://dx.doi.org/10.6026%2F97320630008489
Lokeshwari, R. K, and Shantibala, T. (2010). A review on the fascinating world of Insect resources: Reason for thoughts. Psyche 11, DOI:10.1155/2010/207570.
Shantibala, T, Lokeshwari, R.K. (2010). Entomophagy and its bio prospecting: vision for mini livestock conservation and sustainability. Proceeding of National conference on Bio prospecting; Access for Sustainable Development, 19-20.
Shantibala, T., Bijaya, P., Lokeshwari, R.K., Singh, T.K.(2009). Impact of climatic change on vulnerability of oak aphids and their natural enemies in Manipur, an indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot. Indian Journal Zoology, 12 (2): 279-284.
Shantibala, T and Singh T. K. (2008). Comparative assessment of avoidable losses and cost benefit ratio of organophosphate, organochlorine, pyrithroid, botanical and biopesticides against pea pod borer complex. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 16(2): 353-355.
Shantibala T and T. K. Singh. (2007). Comparative efficacy of organophosphates, organochlorines, pyrethroids and biopesticides in long term protection of pea pod borer, Lampides boeticus (linn.) under natural condition. Pestology, 31: 35-38.
Shantibala T. and T. K. Singh (2007). Bioefficacy of certain botanical insecticides against the green pea aphid, Acrythosiphon pisum (Harris) on pea agro ecosystem in Manipur. “Sustainable Pest Management” Book of the Journal “Annals of plant Protection Sciences”, 1:1-5.
Shantibala, T., Hemchandra O. & T. K. (2007). Singh Comparative prey consumption and searching efficiency of Coccinella septempunctata Linnaeus on two aphids, Acrythosiphon pisum (Harris) and Aphis craccivora (Koch.). Journal of Biological Control, 21:107-111
Shantibala, T., T. K. Singh. and M. A. (2006). Sattar Shah. Insect pest complex of pea crop (Pisum sativum 1.) and their succession in agro¬ecosystem of Manipur. Indian Entomology Productivity & Health, 2: 141-144.
Shantibala T. and T. K. Singh. (2006). Efficacy of certain plant extracts against the eggs of the pod borer, Lampides boeticus in Manipur (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae)Adv. Indian Entomol., Productivity & Health, 2: 141-144.
Shantibala T., M. Nonita & T. K. Singh. (2004). Efficiency of food utilization by Lemnia bisselata (Mulsant) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) of aphid prey, Cervaphis rappardi indica Basu . Journal of Aphidology, 18:23-26.
Shantibala T. and T. K. Singh. (2004).Yie1d-Loss infestation relationship and economic injury for the pea pod borer, Lampides boeticus (Linn.) in Manipur. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences.12 (1): 25-28.
Shantibala T., S. Subharani and T. K. Singh. (2004). Seasonal incidence of Lampides boeticus (Linn.) and influence of weather factors on its abundance on pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. in Manipur. Indian journal of Entomology, 66(3): 198-201.
Shantibala T. and T. K. Singh. (2003). Population dynamic of Lampides boeticus (Linnaeus) on pea crop in Manipur. Shashpa 10(2): 133-137.
Shantibala T., T. K. Singh & S. Subharani Devi. (2002). Seasonal activity of natural enemies of Cervaphis rappardi indica Basu (Homoptera: Aphididae) in Cajanus cajan ecosystem. National Seminar on Recent Advances in Life Sciences, Canchipur, 69-72.
Shantibala T., M. Nonita Devi & T. K. Singh. (2002). Food consumption, digestion, tissue growth, egesta and assimilation of Harmonia dimidiata (Fabricius) on Cervaphis rappardi india Journal of Biology Control, 16(1): 5-10.
Shantibala T and T. K. Singh. (2002). Efficacy of Insecticides and biopesticides against the pea pod borer, Lampides boeticus infesting pea. Ann. PL. Protec. Sci. 10(2): 365-410.
Subharani Devi, Shantibala T and T. K. Singh. (2001). A new record of Melanagromyza obtura (Milloch) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on Cajanus cajan in Manipur. Indian journal of entomology. 64(3): 383.
Shantibala T., S. Subharani Devi & T. K. Singh. New record of the Blue butterfly, Lampides boeticus (Linn.) Pulse crops in Manipur. J agric. Sci. Soc. NE India, 14(1): 46-47.
Chitra Devi L, Shantibala T and T. K. Singh. (2001). Food consumption, assimilation, tissue growth and ecological efficiencies of Coccinella septempunctata on Lipaphis erysimi (Ka1t.). Journal of Aphidology, Gorakpur. 15(1-2): 99-102.